Italo Calvino (Italian: [ˈiːtalo kalˈviːno]; 15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels. His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy (1952–1959), the Cosmicomics collection of short stories (1965), and the novels Invisible Cities (1972) and If on a winter’s night a traveler (1979).
Admired in Britain, Australia and the United States, he was the most-translated contemporary Italian writer at the time of his death, and a contender for the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Paul W. Glimcher is an American neuroscientist, psychologist and economist. He played a central role in developing the emerging field of neuroeconomics. He lives with his family in New York City.
Glimcher holds the Julius Silver, Rosyln S. Silver and Enid Silver Winslow Chair of Neural Science at New York University where he is Director of the New York University Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of Decision Making. At NYU he is a Professor of Economics, Psychology and Neural Science in the School of Arts and Sciences and Professor of Neuroscience and Physiology in the School of Medicine. He is the author of two books on Neuroeconomics: Neuroeconomics Decisions, Uncertainty and the Brain: The Science of Neuroeconomics and Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis. He is the lead editor of the textbook in Neuroeconomics,Neuroeconomics: Decision-Making and the Brain, now in its second edition.
The central goal of the laboratory for economics, psychology and neuroscience of decision is to develop and advance interdisciplinary models of human choice. Using methods ranging from cohort studies in experimental economics, to brain imaging to single neuron studies in non-human animals, the laboratory seeks to leverage multiple technologies and approaches to develop advanced models of human decision-making. These models themselves range from anatomical models to neural random utility theories. In sum, the laboratory uses a broad range of empirical and theoretical tools in its effort to better understand both how people and animals choose and how to develop policies to maximize the welfare of humans and animals everywhere.
Miguel Nicolelis showing how a clever monkey in the US learned to control a robot arm in Japan
Tefillin (Askhenazic: ; Israeli Hebrew: [tfiˈlin], תפילין), also called phylacteries ( from Ancient Greek φυλακτήριον phylacterion, form of phylássein, φυλάσσειν meaning “to guard, protect”), are a set of small black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with verses from the Torah. They are worn by male observant Jews during weekday morning prayers.
Although “tefillin” is technically the plural form (the singular being “tefillah”), it is loosely used as a singular as well. The arm-tefillin, or shel yad, is placed on the upper arm, and the strap wrapped around the arm/hand, hand and fingers; while the head-tefillin, or shel rosh, is placed above the forehead. The Torah commands that they should be worn to serve as a “sign” and “remembrance” that God brought the children of Israel out of Egypt.
The scriptural texts for tefillin are obscure in literal meaning. For example, Deuteronomy 11:18 is one of the standard texts referenced as supporting the obligation, but does not designate what specifically to “bind upon your arm,” and the definition oftotafot between your eyes is not obvious. It is the Talmud, the authoritative oral tradition for Rabbinic Judaism, which explains what are to be bound to the body and the form of tefillin.
From the Wilderness and Lebanon – An Israeli soldier’s story of war and recovery (Hebrew: מן המדבר והלבנון) is the English translation of the first novel by Israeli author Dr. Asael Lubotzky. The book records his experiences when serving as an officer in the Israeli army during the Second Lebanon War and recounts autobiographically his long period of recovery from the wounds he sustained in battle. The book was originally published in Hebrew by Yedioth Books in 2008 and became a bestseller, and in English translation under this title in 2016. The army’s former chief of staff, General Moshe Ya’alon, wrote a laudatory Foreword.
To Have or to Be? is a 1976 book by psychoanalyst Erich Fromm, in which he differentiates between having and being.
Fromm mentions how modern society has become materialistic and prefers “having” to “being”. He mentions the great promise of unlimited happiness, freedom, material abundance, and domination of nature. These hopes reached their highs when the industrial age began. One could feel that there would be unlimited production and hence unlimited consumption. Human beings aspired to be Gods of earth, but this wasn’t really the case. The great promise failed due to the unachievable aims of life, i.e. maximum pleasure and fulfillment of every desire (radical hedonism), and the egotism, selfishness and greed of people. In the industrial age, the development of this economic system was no longer determined by the question of what is good for man, but rather of what is good for the growth of the system. So, the economic system of society served people in such a way in which only their personal interests were intended to impart. The people having unlimited needs and desires like the Roman emperors, the English and Frenchnoblemen were the people who got the most out it.
Society nowadays has completely deviated from its actual path. The materialistic nature of people of “having” has been more developed than “being”. Modern industrialization has made great promises, but all these promises are developed to fulfill their interests and increase their possessions. In every mode of life, people should ponder more on “being” nature and not towards the “having” nature. This is the truth which people deny and thus people of the modern world have completely lost their inner selves. The point of being is more important as everyone is mortal, and thus having of possessions will become useless after their death, because the possessions which are transferred to the life after death, will be what the person actually was inside.
Published on Jun 28, 2013
Erich Fromm Interview about his book “To Have or to Be?”
“As always, Erich Fromm speaks with with wisdom, compassion, learning and insight into the problems of individuals trapped in a social world that is needlessly cruel and hostile” – Noam Chomsky.
The reliability and validity of the Short Schwartz’s Value Survey (SSVS) was examined in 4 studies. In Study 1 (N = 670), we examined whether value scores obtained with the SSVS correlate with those obtained with Schwartz’s Value Survey (SVS; Schwartz, 1992, 1996) and the Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz et al., 2001) and whether the quasi-circular structure of values can be found with the SSVS. In Study 2 (N = 3,261), we replicated the quasi-circular structure in a more heterogeneous sample and assessed whether the SSVS can differentiate appropriately between gender, religiosity, students from different fields, and supporters of left- and right-wing political parties. In Study 3 (N = 112), we examined the test-retest reliability of the SSVS and in Study 4 (N = 38), time saving gained by the SSVS compared to the SVS. The results show that the new scale had good reliability and validity and that the values measured by the SSVS were arrayed on a circle identical to the theoretical structure of values. We also provided equations that can be used in future studies to measure individuals’ scores on the 2 main value dimensions, Self-Transcendence and Conservation.
The World Values Survey (www.worldvaluessurvey.org) is a global network of social scientists studying changing values and their impact on social and political life, led by an international team of scholars, with the WVS association and secretariat headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden.
Shalom Schwartz (1992, 1994) used the ‘Schwartz Value Inventory‘ (SVI) with a wide survey of over 60,000 people to identify common values that acted as ‘guiding principles for one’s life’.
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Tagged cultural values, culture, Irrationality, Moral foundations theory, morality, political ideology, Rational Morality, Schwartz Culture Model, Schwartz Value Inventory, Schwartz Value Survey, Shalom Schwartz, Short Schwartz's Value Survey, Values, World Values Survey
East Asia was one of the last areas to receive Christianity, beginning in about the seventeenth century. Today, Korea has the largest Christian population by percentage of all the countries in Asia. Beginning as a lay-movement among Silhak scholars who saw Christianity as an ideological catalyst for their egalitarian values, Christianity managed to assimilate, and be assimilated by, Korean culture. The church went through a period of persecution in the early nineteenth century and many missionaries and faithful were executed. During the Japanese occupation of Korea (1905-1945) many Korean Christians refused to participate in Japanese emperor-worship and suffered martyrdom, while those who complied suffered excommunication. As a result, the church became solidly identified with Korean nationalism and went on to dominate Korean society during the post-war years.