The lost continents of Atlantis, Lemuria and Mu. These are the “missing continents” that were submerged in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans respectively.
The story of Atlantis has its origin in the Platonic dialogues, while Lemuria was hypothesized in the late 1800s as an explanation for why there were Lemurs in both Madagascar and India but not in Africa or the Middle East. Both are now beloved of mystics and kooks. Nobody really cares about Mu, although it is sometimes confused with Lemuria.
The Tamil analogue, the lost continent of Kumari Kandam is Lemuria. Different names for the same continent that once covered most of the Indian ocean:
Sri Lanka together with India, Indonesia and Malaysia were a part of this continent. Many islands in the Pacific and Indian oceans are remnants of this continent that in ancient time covered the whole area of today’s ocean.
It turns out that everything does not actually come from India, it comes from Kumari Kandam. And by everything, I do mean everything. “Homo Dravida” first evolved in Kumari Kandam; it is the cradle of civilization; the birthplace of all languages in general and of the Tamil language in particular. This is where the first and second great ages (Sangams?) of the Tamils happened, not in India, but in the true Dravidian homeland, further south.
R. Mathivanan, then Chief Editor of the Tamil Etymological Dictionary Project of the Government of Tamilnadu, in 1991 produced the following timeline:
- ca. 200,000 to 50,000 BC:
- evolution of “the Tamilian or Homo Dravida”,
- ca. 200,000 to 100,000 BC:
- beginnings of the Tamil language
- 50,000 BC:
- Kumari Kandam civilisation
- 20,000 BC:
- A lost Tamil culture of the Easter Island which had an advanced civilization.
- 16,000 BC:
- Lemuria submerged
- 6087 BC:
- Second Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king
- 3031 BC:
- A Chera prince in his wanderings in the Solomon Island saw wild sugarcane and started cultivation in Tamilnadu.
- 1780 BC:
- The Third Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king
- 7th century BC: Tolkappiyam (the earliest extant Tamil grammar)
- The continent was destroyed by three large floods which wiped out most of the golden civilization with it. It is believed by some Tamil scholars that the first academy existed at southern Maturai and was terminated by sea devouring the city. The Pandya king established a second academy at Kapadapuram. Again, the sea devoured the city. The Pandya king established the third academy in present Maturai (far away from sea coast). What was left was later wiped out by the Aryan invasion that corrupted the remnants of the once great Tamil civilizations.