There are differing legal and diplomatic positions on Jerusalem held within the international community. Scholars are divided over the legal status of Jerusalem under international law. No country in the world except for Israel has recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Many do not recognize it as a city that is properly Israel’s. Many UN member states formally adhere to the United Nations proposal that Jerusalem should have an international status.
The chief dispute revolves around Israel‘s occupation of East Jerusalem, while broader agreement exists regarding the Israeli presence in West Jerusalem. De jure, the majority of UN member states and most international organisations do not recognise Israel’s ownership of East Jerusalem which occurred after the 1967 Six-Day War, nor its 1980 Jerusalem Law proclamation, which declared a “complete and united” Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. As a result, foreign embassies are generally located in Tel Avivand its suburbs.
Jerusalem is a contentious issue in final status peace talks between Israel and Palestine, both of which claim Jerusalem as their capital. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has stated that “Jerusalem belongs to the Jewish people and will remain under Israeli sovereignty for eternity.”
Other organizations and communities advocate that Jerusalem should be an international city