In 2012, Mexico became the first developing country to pass comprehensive climate change legislation. Last week, it built on its tradition of leadership by becoming the first developing country to release its post-2020 climate action plan, or “intended nationally determined contribution” (INDC).
Mexico’s INDC commits the country to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 22 percent and its black carbon (soot) by 51 percent by 2030, relative to business-as-usual levels. Its goal—combined with the INDCs of other countries around the world—will help form the basis of the new international climate agreement to be finalized at the climate summit in Paris later this year. Here’s a look at the strengths and weaknesses of its INDC.
Countries across the globe committed to create a new international climate agreement by the conclusion of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015. In preparation, countries have agreed to publicly outline what post-2020 climate actions they intend to take under a new international agreement, known as their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). The INDCs will largely determine whether the world achieves an ambitious 2015 agreement and is put on a path toward a low-carbon, climate-resilient future.