Mexico is a country that rarely distinguishes itself as the leader, however, it likes to be an early adopter of trending fads and technology. Solar panels might be a case in point. One of my borthers has just put solar panles in his house and he is bragging about low utily bills. New legislation that forces the utility company to buy electricity from homeowners that put solar panels in their house, together with climate-change driven extreme heat-waves has propitiated an explosive growth in the installation of power panels in Monterrey, México. Whether this is a sustainable development is to be seen.
Of all the clean energy alternatives, solar has arguably been the most expensive though prices have been declining. However, after considering the pros and cons along with the expectation that prices will continue to decline, the future of solar energy is looking rather bright. The pros of solar energy include that it is a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels and has a low impact on the environment and the potential for any country to produce it. The cons are that it only produces energy when the sun is shining, needs a significant amount of land, and that certain solar technologies require rare materials.
Solar panels may be an appealing choice for clean energy, but they harbor their share of toxic chemicals. The toxic chemicals are a problem at the beginning of a solar panel’s life — during its construction — and at the end of its life when it is disposed of. These two intervals are times when the toxic chemicals can enter into the environment.
The toxic chemicals in solar panels include cadmium telluride, copper indium selenide, cadmium gallium (di)selenide, copper indium gallium (di)selenide, hexafluoroethane, lead, and polyvinyl fluoride. Additionally, silicon tetrachloride, a byproduct of producing crystalline silicon, is highly toxic.Twenty to thirty years from now, when a massive amount of solar cells are discarded, the environmental bill of solar cell use will be paid.
Mexico advances strongly in the issue of the use of renewable energy and here are some data that will help you put in context:
- 1,600 million dollars will be invested to ensure that in 2026 Mexico would be able to produce 35% of its electricity with the use of clean energy.
- It has more than 2 hundred plants, active and under construction that use clean and renewable energy sources.
Within this context, the government and business sector know very well that solar energy has one of the best prospects for growth in the country. All this is reflected in the growth of solar cities and cities that can be very profitable for solar energy in the country
According to data from Proméxico, Mexico is one of the 5 most attractive nations to invest in solar energy, this is due to:
- The privileged geographical location of the country, which enjoys large amounts of sun hours in different regions of its extension.
- Being the largest producer of panels in Latin America.
Monterrey, Nuevo León, has a very high level of insolation, which makes its territory a perfect candidate for the use of solar energy through panels or the use of solar thermal energy. In 2015 in Monterrey, 3,000 solar panels were installed, an amount that rose at the end of last year. The capital of the state of Nuevo Leon has grown in solar investment so it has become a profitable city for entrepreneurs looking for important opportunities in this sector.